This is the most famous and interesting tourism destination in Yogyakarta. Kraton is still owned and operated by the original founding family. It is wedged between North and South fields where two banyan trees sprout on each. The entry fee to Kraton is Rp.5.000 and once your are inside you can purchase a picture permit for Rp.1000. What a cheap rate!
Inside Kraton you will find many heritage carts which have a very high artistic quality, old dresses which were used by abdi ndalem (servants), soldiers and the royal family, batik workshop, a traditional dance and musical stage for daily performance, and some more cultural heritage. The building is located exactly on the direction of Malioboro Street. A unique aspect of Kraton is this building stands in a line with South Sea, Yogyakarta Monument and Mount Merapi.
The history of The Palace of Yogyakarta is interesting to know. Let’s talk about the tourism of Yogyakarta Palace which has high cultural value.
Instantly we will be reminded of things like sultanate, abdi dalem, noble, blue blood and so on when hearing the word Keraton Yogjakarta.
Basically, this palace is the residence of the sultanate and the royal family that led the Yogjakarta sultanate.
Today, this old building is enshrined as a historical place that can be visited by everyone. This place becomes a tourist destination that is always crowded by visitors on public holidays.
History of Yogjakarta Palace
Once upon a time in southern central Java there was an Islamic Kingdom called Mataram. The kingdom was based in Kota Gede Special Region of Yogyakarta and then moved to Kerta, Plered, Kartasura and Surakarta.
Internal conflict and dutch colonial intervention sparked the outbreak of mataram kingdom leadership. There was a dispute between two traditions, Prabasuyasa or Pakubuwana III with Raden Mas Said and Mangkubumi.
After a long period of conflict, they finally agreed to sign the Giyanti agreement. The Treaty of Giyanti was signed on 13 February 1755.
In this agreement, mataram kingdom will be divided into two parts. Surakarta Hadiningrat Confectionery is led by Pakubuwana III. Meanwhile, Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate was led by Prince Mangkubumi with the title Sultan Hamengku Buwono I.
The territory of Ngayogyakarta Sultanate is the city of Yogja and its surroundings, Pajang, Demak, Kulonprogo, Gunung Kidul and surrounding areas.
That is the history of Yogyakarta Palace. We know that there are two sultanates of Java, namely Keraton Yojga and Surakarta Palace. This is often heard while on a study tour to Yogja area and surrounding areas.
Both have distinctive and different characteristics and cultures including dress codes, customs, languages, gamelan, dances, and so on. All of that is now an attraction that continues to be preserved.
Palace Building Section
Since the breakup of Mataram kingdom, the people of Java island have been split into two, namely the people of Surakarta sultanate and the sultanate of Yogyakarta. The two sultanate palaces are both used as tourist destinations for both foreign and domestic tourists.
In addition to knowing the history of Yogyakarta Palace, it is also important to know what parts are in the tour of Yogyakarta Palace.
The following are the insides of the Palace of Yogyakarta which is open for public visits, are:
1. Gladhag Pangurakan
This building is the main gate or as a fortress before entering the palace area.
2. Performance Ward
This place was used as a place for meeting the Sultan with dalem servants or palace servants. Now this place serves as a Performance Ward for various activities or cultural and tourism events.
In the performance ward, there is a throne or seat of the Sultan. This throne faces directly towards jogja monument.
The throne facing the monument is not an ordinary display but has a philosophical message that the Sultan always pays attention to the lives of his people.
Indeed, in ancient times all the activities of the people were carried out around Tugu Yogja.
3. Siti Hinggil Ler (North Balairung)
This room is traditionally used for the place to hold official royal ceremonies.
In addition, the building also serves to store royal emblems, heirlooms to gamelan devices or traditional musical instruments.
4. Kamandungan Lor
This place in ancient times was used as a place to prosecute cases with the threat of the death penalty. The court was presided over directly by Sri Sultan.
Today, Kamandungan Lor is used as a venue for traditional events such as garebeg and sekaten.
5. Sri Manganti
Sri Manganti is a room with wards used as a place to receive important royal guests.
Today, it is used for cultural and tourism activities. You can also see some gamelan instruments here.
When studying the history of Yogyakarta Palace, it is certainly not separated from kedhaton building. This section is the core of yogyakarta palace. The kedhaton complex is distinguished into three parts. The first is the Kedhaton Court which is the residence of the Sultan.
The second is Keputren who is part wife and daughter. The third is Kesatriyan which is part of the Sultan’s son.
Kemagangan is a place used for the selection of prospective employees or civil servants, training places, exams as well as loyalty apples. The Apprenticeship Ward is in the inside of the middle of the big courtyard.
This section is used for the performance of wayang kulit as a marker of the completion of the entire palace ritual.
8. Siti Hinggil Kidul
This building was used as a place for the Sultan to witness several activities. The activities were the soldiers of the palace who conducted a clean rehearsal for the Grebeg ceremony.
In addition, it is also a place to watch human fighting with tigers. The building is also a training ground for female soldiers.